Guide to Common Dog Vaccines – DHPPV, DA2PPV, DHLPPV, -C

Sometimes this particular vaccine is titled DHPPV, DA2PPV or DHPPV-C or some other similar variation. This particular vaccine is commonly referred to as the “Distemper-Parvo” vaccine or the “5-in-one” or “seven-in-one”. Although there are some differences between them, you can tell what’s in the vaccine based on the letters.

The D in DHPPV stands for Distemper. This airborne disease is actually a virus and attacks the nervous system in dogs causing the dog to have seizures, cough, vomit, and sometimes foam at the mouth. This disease is incredibly contagious and all dogs should be vaccinated with DHPPV as a result. Although secondary infections can be treated, most cases of Distemper are incurable and untreatable. Since this is a neurological disease, all dogs should be vaccinated for Distemper regularly. Puppies should receive a series of DHPPV shots before they are five months of age.

The H in DHPPV stands for Hepatitis also known as canine adenovirus type 2 (therefore when “A2” appears as part of this vaccine abbreviation, it refers to the same disease as the “H”). This disease, like the hepatitis in humans, attacks the liver and is contracted through a healthy dog’s exposure to the feces, urine, blood, saliva, and nasal discharge of a dog who has the disease. Dogs are especially susceptible to this disease simply because they use their nose to sniff and evaluate their surroundings. Although hepatitis will correct itself in healthy individuals, it does come with symptoms that need treatment. These symptoms include diarrhea and poor immune response. Puppies and weak dogs are especially at risk.

One P in DHPPV stands for Parainfluenza. This is a respiratory tract infection (upper respiratory infection) in dogs, much like a cough or cold in humans. Some symptoms of it include nasal or eye discharge, coughing, and labored breathing. This is different than “kennel cough” or Bordetella, which is a separate vaccine.

One P in DHPPV is for Parvovirus. This is an incredibly contagious, often deadly virus that lives in soil for up to seven to ten years (depending on the study). Infected individuals shed the virus for up to three weeks and it can take up to ten days to two weeks for an infected animal to begin showing signs or symptoms. If an owner believes his or her animal has been exposed to parvo, the dog should be tested (at a vet’s office) and vaccinated if he or she has not yet received the proper doses of the DHPPV vaccine. Parvo is very, very contagious.

Infected animals, usually young dogs and puppies, usually stop eating and drinking, lay around with little energy, and eventually have severe, dark, bloody diarrhea. Although some of these symptoms are the same as hookworm infestations, immediate action is necessary to ensure the dog’s survival. There is no cure for parvo. Dogs will die from the dehydration and intestinal trauma, not the virus. Young dogs and puppies sometimes die within days of the beginning of symptoms.

Overnight care and IV fluids are required to keep dogs hydrated and comfortable while the virus runs it’s course. This treatment often takes a few days and is very expensive. Owners should keep their puppies away from strange, potentially contaminated soil (like parks, strange yards, and dog parks) until the puppy is fully vaccinated (“fully vaccinated” means a series of vaccines 2-3 weeks apart from one another while the animal is still young).

The V stands for “Virus”. CPV, for example, is simply the term used for Canine Parvovirus and is the abbreviation for a vaccine that only covers Parvo.

The L in DHLPPV stands for Leptospirosis. This disease is spread through urine and dogs contract the disease by licking a contaminated surface. Basically, leptospirosis, or lepto, is common mostly in kennels where strange, unknown, potentially contaminated dogs might urinate. The disease affects the liver and causes yellow eyes, lethargy, and sometimes renal failure. Many veterinarians have ceased giving a leptospirosis vaccine due to low risk under most circumstances.

The C in DHPPV-C stands for Coronavirus. This disease is spread through contaminated feces and causes diarrhea and vomiting in the infected dog. Although this disease is easily treated, it does manifest symptoms within three days of contamination. Because of the high level of exposure, kennel dogs are usually vaccinated for this disease.

DHPPV should be given annually to dogs under five years of age. Puppies should be vaccinated with DHPPV every 2 to 3 weeks until they are four months of age.

Consult your veterinarian if you have any questions or concerns about your animal’s vaccinations.

The Complete Guide to Pricing Your Tattoo Design

I often get asked by people looking to get a tattoo how much do you think this will cost? Of course each person has their own unique design in mind and everyone wants to know exactly how much their design is going to cost them. However, pricing tattoos is very difficult. You can not give a simple answer to a question like that. The price of a tattoo can vary on a lot of factors. However, here is a general guide so you know some of the factors and some price ranges that would be considered decent.

First Factor: The Shop

Every shop has it’s own pricing guidelines and even every tattoo artist in the shop might have their own ways of pricing a tattoo. The more famous the shop or artist is the more expensive the tattoo will be. Also the price can change depending on how busy the shop is at the time you go in. If they are packed up with clients then they are going to quote you a much higher price then if they are looking for work.

Second Factor: The Design

Another factor that goes into the final price of the tattoo is the design itself. If you have a really large tattoo design in mind and you want the art work to be drawn by the tattoo artist it is going to cost a significant amount more then if you have some flash design that you found at their shop on the wall. So the size of the design and the difference between custom drawn and flash will significantly change the price.

Third Factor: Time

Another factor that always goes into pricing the tattoo design is the amount of time it will take to do the work. A large back piece is going to take a significant number of hours over a small wrist tattoo. If you are looking for something really big like a full back tattoo or a body suit you are going to be spending lots of hours over multiple visits to the tattoo shop and it is going to cost a huge amount of money. You should easily spend thousands of dollars for a full back tattoo. However, small designs that can be done quickly in one sitting of 30 minutes to an hour are obviously going to cost much less.

General Rules

First and foremost don’t ever go bargain shopping for a tattoo design. Do you really want the guy that is the cheapest to do you tattoo design? This is a permanent tattoo design that you are going to live with for the rest of your life and you do not want it coming out all messed up just to save a few bucks. Second you do not ever want to try and negotiate or bargain down a tattoo artist. This will infuriate the artist and can often offend them. Most tattoo artists do their work for a living. Yes they might love creating designs and making tattoos but in the end they do this to put food on their plate and pay the bills. They have worked hard to get to the level they are at and be able to charge the prices they are charging. Negotiating with them is like doubting their skills. With that in mind you do not want to negotiate and you do not want to go with the lowest price it can be wise to search a few different shops and get quotes from different artists. Thus way you can find an artist that you connect well with and someone who you like their designs. The price often will seem reasonable to you if you shop around and find an artist that you really like.

So this gets us down to the question we started with so how much will my tattoo design be? Obviously due to what is stated above this is hard to answer. However here is a general guideline that can help you but it into some ranges and perspective.

Small tattoo design (wrist, foot, ankle) – Between $50 and $150

Medium tattoo design (forearm, leg, upper back, lower back) – Between $150 to $500

Large tattoo design (Full back, sleeve, full leg) – Between $500 to $2,000

The Model United Nations – A Teacher’s Guide


The Model United Nations is a programme that allows students to take on the role of delegates from specific countries, learn about international issues, and discuss these issues from the point of view of their chosen country. The 4 core skills (reading, writing, speaking & listening) are practised and improved both during the research sessions and the actual UN conference itself. Weeks before the conference, delegates will conduct research into their country, the topic to be talked about, and their country’s opinions on the issues at hand. When the time comes for the meeting, delegates will discuss the issues on the agenda, and try to put forward resolutions to solve these problems; resolutions which will need to be voted on if they are to be passed. So the delegates must negotiate with each other, trying to secure a “Yes” vote for their resolution. The end of the conference leaves the students with a heightened knowledge of international issues, and problems that they might not otherwise have known about. It also leaves them realising that things they do in their own country can affect global issues such as global warming or child soldiers.

Although the MUN only began in 1945, model conferences were being held much before that, with students taking on the role of countries in the League of Nations from the 1920s. Initially, the MUN started in the USA, and it remains very popular there both in high schools and universities. Although not well known in Europe, conferences are starting to increase in number and size. This year over 200,000 students will take part in over 400 MUN conferences in around 50 countries in the world. The main conference in Japan is the All Japan MUN (AJMUN), which features around 300 students from 50 high schools throughout the country. Koyo Prefectural Senior High School also runs 1 or 2 conferences throughout the year in Okinawa, to which delegates from other Okinawan high schools are invited. These conferences usually feature around 50 students, with each student being a delegate for a separate country.

Creating or joining an MUN conference

The MUN conference should be the goal for both teachers and students in this programme. Whether the MUN is performed as a club activity, or a classroom-taught subject, everything should be focused towards the MUN conference and emphasising the importance of students taking an active part in the meeting.

Topic: The first thing that needs to be determined for an MUN conference is the topic to be discussed. This could be a very specific issue, such as “The North Korea Nuclear Problem”, or it could be a much wider-ranging topic, such as “Global Warming” or “Resource Conflicts”. If you are creating your own conference, some thought must be put into the topic by teachers. Too general a topic could result in a conference which takes too long and doesn’t result in a good final resolution. Too specific a topic could result in a conference which is over in a couple of hours. At Koyo SHS, the classroom conferences usually last between 10 and 14 hours. Be creative with the ways you introduce your topic: in 2007 the students talked about, “Conflict diamonds and how to stop future resource conflicts”. As an introduction to this topic, the students watched the film, Blood Diamond. This achieved a number of goals: the students were watching and listening to a film in English, they were learning about their MUN agenda item, and they didn’t feel like they were in a classroom lesson. If you are joining a conference hosted by another school, the issues of choosing a topic are not relevant to you.

Country selection: This is a very big thing to think about for your MUN conferences. You really want to create a good geographical spread of countries that will take part in the conference. A good example of this would be choosing 25% of countries from North & South America, 25% from Europe, 25% from Asia & Oceania, and 25% from Africa. Also try to have an even number of developed and developing countries in the conference – if you don’t it could make discussions very one-sided. Also, think about the countries involved in the topic at hand. For example, if your topic is global warming, you would want to include both the world’s largest polluters, and the countries which are feeling the effects of global warming, no matter how small. Here it is good to emphasize to students that all countries have an equal standing in the UN, and they all get one vote. So smaller countries have as much power as larger ones.

Research: Once students have chosen/been allocated their country, this is where the work for them begins. Their aim is to create a Position Paper – a speech detailing their country’s background, their country’s opinion on the issue to be discussed, and possible actions they feel the UN should take. A lot of research should be undertaken, and it could be done in 3 parts. Firstly, the country is researched so that the students know about where they are delegates from. For some countries this is easy, but do many students know where Maldives or Angola is? To start them thinking about this, the students can be given a worksheet to fill in about their chosen country. Students can then make a presentation of their country to their class, so that everyone starts to understand where each country is. The presentation shouldn’t be too indepth to start with; introduce the country’s name, location, flag, and then something more interesting for the students to research and present, like the language for example. If the students are of a high level then you can ask them to present more detailed information about their country.

Once the students have a fairly solid foundation about their country, they can start to research the topic. It should be stressed though that the students need to know and remember information about their country. If the student can’t remember who their country’s leader is or if their country is a developed or developing country, they will struggle in the MUN conference. The foundations of knowledge need to be made here as everything from here on will be building on that. Knowledge can be tested by a test on their chosen country. Researching the MUN topic is first done on a general and global scale (i.e. not specifically relating to their country).

Teachers need to be actively involved in this part of the research, and information should be given to the students in the form of reading assignments. The teacher will need to do extensive research on the topic, as students will expect them to have answers to their questions. It will also help you direct the students own research. Be aware that there will be a lot of new words for the students, and the meanings should be made clear. If the topic is large, students could be asked to make a presentation about a certain aspect of it. This will allow them to focus their research a little, and then learn from the presentations made by others. Teachers should stress that presentation giving, listening and note-taking skills are vital for a good MUN delegate.

When students are doing research on the topic, encourage research to be done in English. This may be more difficult initially, but will help them during the conference when they have to talk about these things in English. And once again, be creative with how you get the students to research topics. This year, Koyo students were asked to contact jewellery shops all over Japan by phone,and ask them where their diamonds came from, and what their policy was on conflict diamonds. The students were not keen on this initially, but it was very successful and will be continued and built upon in forthcoming conferences. Depending on the class type, you can incorporate skits or drama so the students can illustrate parts of the topic they will discuss.

The final part of research is joining the 2 previous parts. The students now have to look at the topic and how it affects their country. This is the part of research where some students will become frustrated. Because, for example, there is no direct relationship between the UK and child soldiers, they may think there is nothing to talk about. But encourage the students to think and look deeper. Maybe the weapons the child soldiers use are made by British companies. Maybe the resources they are fighting for are used in western goods; the demand for these goods and the resources are high, so the conflicts and killings continue. Even if a country has no relationship at all with the issue, encourage the student. This gives them the chance to be completely neutral in the conference and to find a solution that is best for everyone. The students should be working towards making a position paper. This is a 2-3 minute (usually) speech which is made up of 3 parts:

  1. A very brief introduction to the country.
  2. Information on the problem and how it affects their country.
  3. A general idea of how the problem can be solved.

You may notice slight differences in speech templates found online and the position paper your students actually make. This is because there is no set position paper. If a delegate wants to talk about the problems only, without talking about their country and a possible solution, that is their choice and they are free to do so.

A common problem you will find when students start taking on the role of delegates and talking about their country is that they are often too honest! They often continue to look at the issue from a neutral point of view and will criticise their own nation. For example, you may have the delegate from Burma/Myanmar stating to the UN that they admit to committing many human rights abuses as one of the first parts of their position paper. This is a difficult problem to overcome, and you just have to keep encouraging students to think as if they were from their chosen country. Hopefully they will start to understand and will refine their speeches appropriately.

Regional Bloc Meetings: As the MUN conference draws closer, and position papers are completed, students should continue to research the topic. If possible, teachers should search for news articles relating to the subject and present them to students. This is also the time for regional bloc meetings to take place, if possible. In this meeting, all of the delegates from one continent will come together and talk about the problem. They will present their position paper in small groups, and then hold short Q&A sessions. Their position papers must be given in English, but it is possible to allow students to ask questions in Japanese in these meetings. A clear understanding of the issue and countries’ opinions is more important than practising their English listening skills at this time.

The MUN Conference

The Model UN conference, the climax of the students’ and teachers’ work always arrives much earlier than you expected. One of the first things that need to be done is the Chair & secretary has to prepare for the meeting. The Chair is usually chosen in advance of the meeting, and should given some tuition by teachers on how to prepare for the conference, the structure of the conference, and phrases they will need to use throughout. Delegates are given a similar phrase sheet with phrases they will need to use during the conference. Placards are then given to each student with their country’s name written on it. This placard will be raised when voting and when delegates wish to make motions during the conference.

Meeting Format

An MUN meeting has a fairly standard format for delegates to follow. Sometimes there will be changes in the format, but if so these will be announced at the start of the meeting.

Roll call: The role call will happen at the start of every day/class of the meeting. It is simply a register of which countries are present in the meeting. The chair will call out the country’s name, and the country will reply by raising their placard and calling out, “Present”. This will be continued until all countries have been read out. If any country is absent, it should be noted down by the chair for future reference.

Speakers’ list: Once roll call has been completed, the speakers list is opened. This is a list noted down on a board or projector screen for all to see, showing which countries are in line to give a speech. Any student who wants to make a speech (i.e. initially, to give their position paper) should raise their placard. The chair will read the names of the countries which raised their placards. As their country names are read, delegates will put down their placards and the secretary will write their name down in order. This order will be the order of speeches in the conference. If a delegate wishes to make a speech after the first speakers list has been made, they may write a note to the chair asking to be put onto the speakers list.

Speakers’ time: Once the speakers list has been created, a time for the speeches needs to be decided upon. Usually this is between 2 and 3 minutes. The process for this can take one of two forms. Firstly, a delegate may propose a time limit for speeches and then an immediate vote is taken for people who agree or disagree (no abstentions). Alternatively, 4 short speeches may be made (2 in favour and 2 opposed) after a speech time has been proposed and before the voting takes place.

Formal Debate/Position Papers: Now is the time for students to come to the fore and start their speeches. The first country on the speakers list will come to the front of the room and present their position paper in front of all the delegates and the chair. Delegates not giving a speech should listen carefully to the speeches, make notes and not talk. The information given in the position papers will be useful for everyone when it comes to talking about solutions. If the speaker does not speak loudly or clearly, one of the other delegates or the chair should interrupt and ask them to speaker louder/more clearly.

Caucus: One of the most active parts of the meeting, although it is regarded by some delegates as being a break. This is where a lot of the work is done and discussions are held. The caucus must be motioned for by a delegate and must be voted on (delegates must vote yes or no; there are no abstentions). A caucus is a meeting for a certain length of time (usually 5-15 minutes) where students are allowed to walk around the room, and talk freely to anyone they please. In these sessions, opinions are sought, questions raised and solutions discussed. It is also the time when working papers and draft resolutions are created by the delegates. The students should be allowed to talk in Japanese if they wish during these sessions (this is the only part of the conference in which this is allowed), and any students sat around and not talking to anyone should be encouraged to participate.

Informal Debate: Informal debate is the 3rd type of meeting in the UN conference, and is similar to a Q&A session. It is usually requested after a working paper or a draft resolution has been submitted to the floor. The caucus must be motioned for by a delegate and must be voted on (delegates must vote yes or no; there are no abstentions). In this meeting, students may ask questions to specific delegates or to all delegates as a whole. To do this they must raise their placard and call out, “Chair!”. If the chair then calls their country’s name the delegate may speak to the floor. They may also make comments about things they have seen or heard in the meeting. If a delegate is asked a question, they are encouraged (but not forced) to answer the question as best they can. This is where the listening and quick thinking skills are very important. It should also be noted that a question does not have to be answered before another question is asked.

Notes: During the formal and informal parts of the meeting, there is no talking allowed unless it is talking to the floor and speaking to everyone. But sometimes students need to contact each other to talk about ideas they have. Because of this, notes are used. A delegate will write their message on a piece of paper and then hand it to a page, a student or teacher assigned to pickup and deliver notes. The student must remember to write who the message is from as well as who it is to. As the meeting becomes more indepth, messages will frequently be sent around the room, and more than one page is usually needed.

Working Paper: This is the first big step in finding a solution to the problem. A working paper is an idea, put forward to all of the delegates by one or more countries. It can describe one specific solution to the problem, or a general outline of the problem and solutions they want to find. There is also no format to the working paper, which means diagrams, pictures, tables, charts etc can be used. The only things that the working paper needs are a working paper number (usually WP1, WP2, WP3 etc), and information about which countries wrote the paper.

The paper must first be submitted to the chair, who will make photocopies of it. When this has been done, the sponsor (the delegate(s) who wrote it) may motion to the Chair that they wish to introduce their working paper. The sponsor of it will be asked if they wish to orally explain their paper. If they choose to, the sponsors would come to the front of the room and explain the paper. Once a working paper has been submitted to the floor, it is likely that a motion will be made for either a caucus (so people can take time reading the paper) or informal debate (so questions and comments on the paper may start). If there are neither of these, after the paper has been introduced the meeting will go back to formal debate.

Draft Resolution: The most difficult and complex part of any UN conference is also the most important: making a draft resolution. This is a detailed plan which talks about the issues discussed in the meeting, and a range of measures that should be taken to deal with them. The most difficult part of the draft resolution is that it must follow a strict format, and has a number of set rules, the most important of which are given below:

  1. The draft resolution must have one sentence only. It doesn’t matter whether the draft resolution is 5 lines long or 5 pages long, it will only have one sentence. Phrases and clauses in the resolution are separated using commas (,) and semi-colons (;).
  2. The draft resolution needs a document number. This is usually something like DR1 or DR2 and a number will be given to the draft resolution by the Chair.
  3. The draft resolution needs sponsors and signatories. Put simply, sponsors are countries that agree with all of the draft resolution. Signatories, on the other hand, are countries that agree with some, but not all, of the draft resolution. The total number of sponsors and signatories must be 25% or over the total number of countries taking part in the meeting.
  4. The draft resolution must have 2 parts:
  5. Part 1 talks about the problem and what is happening regarding it (the preambletory clauses).
  6. Part 2 talks about the solution and what will be done about it (the operative clauses).
  7. The last part of the draft resolution must read, “Decides to remain seized of this matter.”

Another issue involved in the draft resolution is the wording used at the start of each clause. Words of varying strength may be used depending on the situation and what the delegate is talking about. Examples of the words which can be used at the start of each clause in a draft resolution are shown below:

Preambletory clauses

– Noting

– Affirming

– Confident

– Declaring

– Welcoming

– Approving

– Concerned

– Alarmed by

– Noting with regret

– Noting with deep concern

– Deploring

Operative clauses

– Notes

– Affirms

– Recommends

– Invites

– Urges

– Encourages

– Deplores

– Demands

– Calls upon

– Regrets

Draft Resolution amendments: Sometimes a UN meeting will allow changes to be made after draft resolutions have been submitted. These are called amendments. This means that a country may offer a change to the draft resolution (an addition, modification or deletion). There are 2 types of amendment: friendly and unfriendly.

Friendly – This means that the sponsors of the draft resolution agree with the change being made. The amendment is automatically made to the draft resolution.

Unfriendly – The sponsors of the draft resolution do not agree with the change in the amendment. In this case, when voting takes place a vote will be made on the amendment, before the draft resolution is voted on.

If amendments are going to be used in the meeting, an amendment form is usually available for delegates to use. This form includes what country is making the amendment, what the change is they want to make, and whether it is a friendly or unfriendly amendment.

A delegate will write the amendment and then pass it to sponsors of the draft resolution. They will decide if it is friendly or unfriendly (i.e. if they agree or disagree with the changes made), and will return it. The delegate who wrote the amendment will then submit it to the Chair. The Chair then reads the amendment and approves it, before submitting it to the floor. When it is submitted, the amendment’s author has the chance of explaining to the floor why they want this amendment to be made.

Closing the debate: After a resolution and amendments have been introduced and have been debated fully, it will be time to vote on them. But before voting, the speakers’ list must be closed, and then debate should be closed so that voting can start. This will require delegates to motion for the speakers’ list to be closed (and the motion voted on) and then that debate should be closed (and similarly, voted on).

Voting: The final part of the UN conference comes in the form of voting. Firstly, any unfriendly amendments will be voted on (with a yes/no/abstention vote). Then, the draft resolutions are voted on in the order they were introduced. Countries will be asked to vote aloud in alphabetical order. There are 4 different ways that delegates can vote: yes/no/abstention/pass. If a delegate chooses to “pass”, then the chair will continue asking other countries. When the list has been completed, the chair will come back to the delegates who passed in the first round. Note that a delegate may only choose to pass once. If the number of “Yes” votes exceeds the number of “No” votes, regardless of the abstentions, the motion passes in the General Assembly and Economic & Social Council. In the Security council, a 66% majority of votes are needed for a draft resolution to pass. Remember that in the Security Council only, permanent members (China, France, Russia, UK and USA) have a veto vote. This means that if one of these countries votes “No” to a draft resolution, it cannot pass, regardless of how many “Yes” votes it received.

Once voting is completed, there will be a motion to adjourn the meeting, and the meeting will be closed.

I hope that gave you some insights as to how to implement the Model United Nations course into your school’s syllabus. I highly recommend the course,especially in areas where students may not usually have a global outlook.

Mohair Area Rugs

Mohair is a natural fiber got from the hair of angora goats. These animals are bred exclusively for this purpose. When the fiber is made from the locks of hair on the sides of the kid mohair goats, it is called “Filik”. This fiber is in great demand for its softness. Mohair is highly sought after in the world of fashion.

There are various qualities of mohair that accounts for its popularity. Mohair is noted for beauty and great durability. This makes it a favorite with textile designers. In earlier times, this fiber was used for making seats on trains, coaches and other vehicles. It is noted that the fiber is even warmer than wool and is able to withstand lot of strain.

It is seen that the rugs crafted out of mohair are long lasting and they can be further strengthened and thickened by using linen warp. The natural locks are used to lace the surface of the fabric. The mohair rugs have rich texture.

Mohair rugs add to a rich ambience, with the sturdiness of tanned hide. These rugs have the ability to enhance the décor of a room. It is advisable to match the color of the rug to the wall color, as this enhances the effect of the lighting in the room. The rugs add grace and charm to the room.

Mohair is used in floor coverings, wall decorations, furniture covers, bed- spreads and even curtain material. This fiber comes in various earthy shades. This is because the angora herds have fleece ranging from black to white and various shades of red and brown. It is also found in rare shades of silver and charcoal. These colors add to the popularity of this fiber. The colors help the mix-and-match combinations with many furniture options and arrangements.

Google Chrome Crashes on Windows 7 – Tips To Resolve This Problem

There are so many users that claimed Chrome crashes and a message appears telling the application has closed and prompts them for sending the error report. There is basically no reason for this problem. The problem was reported while the users were surfing the internet or downloading something. T

Steps to Stop Crashing Problem in Your Web Browser:

1. Run Chrome without Sandbox

2. Set Default Settings

3. Fix Google Chrome Registry Entries

4. Clear Browsing Data and Browser Cache

5. Reset the Default Theme

6. Remove Third-Party Extensions

Run Chrome without Sandbox

Modify the file properties so that Chrome will not run with sandbox. This helps fixing your problem. Follow these steps:

1. Close Chrome if it is already open.

2. Click Start button on the Taskbar.

3. Click All Programs | Chrome.

4. Right click the file shortcut Chrome, and select Properties.

5. In the Target text box, you will see the target path of Chrome. Type the following next to the existing path:


For example, after the modification, the Target text box may contain value in this manner: “C:UsersSmital & VikasAppDataLocalGoogleChromeApplicationchrome.exe”–no-sandbox

6. Click Apply, then OK button.

7. Open Google Chrome again. The problem shall not persist again.

Set Default Settings

If you had changed the settings, set them to defaults. Chrome crashes on Windows 7 due to incorrect settings you had set-up. To restore the browser settings to defaults, do below steps:

1. Open Google Chrome.

2. Click the Settings button at the right hand side of the Address Bar.

3. Click Options | Under the Hood | Reset to Defaults.

Fix Chrome Registry Entries

Google Chrome crashes on Windows 7 if the registry entries are improperly modified. Missing registry keys or registry keys with improper values may lead to runtime errors and thereby the problem occurs. You are recommended to scan the entire system registry and review the result. Attempt the registry repair process using third-party Registry Cleaner software.

Clear Browsing Data and Browser Cache

Google Chrome crashes on Windows 7 by the corrupted cache contents and problems with the stored browsing data. Delete the browsing data and clear the contents of the cache to resolve this problem.

1. Open Chrome.

2. Click the Settings button at the right hand side of the Address Bar.

3. Click Tools | Clear Browsing Data.

1. Click Chrome Data tab, and then on Clear browsing data.

Reset the Default Theme

Chrome enables customizing itself by applying variety of themes available on the internet. If you had recently applied a theme which no longer works properly, it results in Chrome crash on Windows 7. It is recommended to set the original theme.

1. Open Chrome.

2. Click the Settings button at the right hand side of the Address Bar.

3. Click Options | Personal Stuff | Reset to Default Theme.

Experts Advice

Before Having Surgery Create a Living Will

If you are over the age of 18 you should have a living will. A living will directive or health care proxy should also be one of the first “to-do” items on your “to-do” list before having surgery.

What is a living will?

A living will is a legal document that specifies what treatments, particularly life-prolonging treatments, you wish to receive or not receive should you become incapacitated and unable to relay your wishes yourself. It is especially important to create a living will prior to having surgery so put it on your to-do list when preparing for surgery.

What exactly does a living will specify?

A living will specifies what life-prolonging treatments, such as whether or not to place you on life support and for how long and whether or not to resuscitate you.

In what instances would I need a living will?

It is always good to have a current, updated living will, particularly when you are preparing for surgery. A living will eases the stress and contemplation your family would endure when faced with making decisions regarding your treatment. Furthermore, it ensures that your treatments are indeed carried out according to your wishes.

How and when are the specifications in a living will executed?

The specifications in your living will would go into effect when your primary physician, and in some states a second physician, deemed you incapable of making decisions for yourself. Your physician would have to declare you permanently unconscious. For example, if you suffer a heart attack or stroke and are resuscitated and expected to recover, your living will would not take effect. It would only take effect if your recovery were considered impossible.

How and where can I get a living will?

Different states have different laws regarding the preparation and execution of living wills, so you should consult with a lawyer in your state when preparing your living will to ensure the legality of it. It is a good idea to consult the same lawyer that you use for your estate planning for the preparation of your living will. You will want to make sure that you keep your living will updated.

You can also find quality legal resources on the Internet today about creating living wills. Advantages and tips on using an online legal service are:

* It is cheaper than hiring a traditional attorney. You will pay anywhere from $39.00 to $79.00 on average to create a living will saving you hundreds of dollars or more over traditional attorney fees.

* Most have easy questionnaire style forms.

* Depending on the legal online service you choose, a document assistant reviews your information making sure you avoid some of the most common errors when creating a living will.

* The living wills are valid in every state (make sure this is the case for the service you choose).

* Depending on the type of account you sign up for, you can update your living will easily and at any time.

* Choose a service where your information remains confidential and secure.

* You will want an official copy mailed to you for your records.

The important thing here is all of us should have a living will and if you create one online – it is quick, it is easy, and it is done!

Where should I keep my living will?

Keep your living will in a safe place, such as an in-home safe or safety deposit box. Disclose to your family and doctor that you have a living will and make sure that someone trustworthy knows where your living will is stored and can access it if necessary.

A living will is never going to be your first choice for conversation but it should always be one of your first considerations before having surgery. Include this simple yet often overlooked step when you prepare for surgery.

Records of Divorce

Records of Divorce and Marriage documents are required in a number of occasions. Such as changing your name, getting remarried or immigrating to another country. In the case of immigration, different country or states would have different requirements. Divorce Record is also use to check on prospective spouse and to determine the official marital status. And if you do consider marriage, it is a good idea to check whether there is any child support and alimony in his past relationship.

Certified copies of California Divorce Records could be obtained from The California Department of Public Health Office of Vital Records for a fee of $13. It maintains a central registry for California Divorce and Marriage Records. If you require certified copies of the actual divorce decrees, you will need to approach the Superior Court in the county where the divorce was filed. The Office of Vital Records only issues a Certificate of Record – and only for divorces that occurred between 1962 and June 1984. It includes the names of the parties to the divorce, the county where the divorce was filed, and the court case number. Due to the current high demand, turn around time can easily exceed 6 months.

You could also obtain California divorce records from the county courthouse where the divorce proceeding was filed. However that could be a hassle if traveling is a constraint. If we are constraint by time or not up to the task ourselves, turning to professional records providers will be a better solution. They do charge a nominal fee but it spares you all the hassle and very professional results are downloaded within minutes.

These online records information providers utilize a network of multiple data sources to let you find the exact records you are looking for. The members only area is constantly updated with new records and search capabilities. The main advantage is you could simply search for your request online. As little as a first and last name and state of residency is suffice to initiate a search. It would normally run up a list of potential names that you could further zoom in. The better service provider could even deliver very comprehensive reports up to background check. Other than public resources, they also have access to private and privileged database.

UK Car Insurance Aggregators On The Rise

Despite the market already being hugely overcrowded it seems companies are still being attracted to the money-spinning market of car insurance comparison. The industry already boasts market leaders such as confused and moneysupermarket who between them compare close to 100 percent of UK car insurance companies.

With sites such as uswitch, gocompare and comparethemarket also making an impact over the last 12 months customers have never had so much choice when its comes to comparing car insurance quotes. The UK car insurance market can be very profitable for such aggregator sites if they get it right and for this reason the market continues to attract new sites on a continual basis.

These comparisons sites can be extremely useful to customers looking for cheap car insurance, a top comparison site can be a great way to save time and money. Those sites that have established a long-term reputation have succeeded through their ability to give people what they want.

As the number of car insurance comparison sites increases the worry for the customer is the quality of the results diminishes. With companies rushing to bring out their car insurance finders as quickly as possible in order to cash in on the comparison boom it becomes more difficult for customers to know which will provide the best quotes.

The latest newcomer to the market came via the huge brand of Tesco. They recently launched and are looking to use their marketing power and strong customer base to establish themselves in the comparison market by firstly targeting the car insurance sector. Providing quotes from a stable of insurers in partnership with The Royal Bank of Scotland, Tesco face a tough battle to overthrow the recognized car insurance aggregators but the potential profits make the opportunity too good to dismiss.

With still in the infancy of its launch another potential aggregator also looks set to hit the market shortly. has been stirring up interest online with its promise to compare quotes for the entire family. Their homepage says they will be ‘coming soon’ which will add yet another player to the price comparison arena.

With so many aggregators on the market customers will need to balance the obvious benefits of finding great money-saving deals with finding a comparison provide they can trust and who results in which they can put their faith.

Prostate Milking – The Best Position to Stimulate the Prostate

The act of stimulating the prostate gland in order for men to reach orgasm or ejaculate is called prostate milking. This could be done for medical reasons or just for the fun and pleasure that it brings. We must understand what prostate milking is first before we tackle more about the topic.

Let’s talk about the medical reasons first, medical doctors have used this technique to relieve the pain felt by the people who have prostate disorder. They also use prostate milking when they need to get a semen sample from paralyzed patients. They soon discovered that there are more benefits that could be reaped from performing prostate milking though. One of those said benefits is the less chance of acquiring prostate cancer.

How does this work?

The doctors explained that when men ejaculate or have orgasm in the normal way, not all of the semen gets released. There are traces of the semen left behind and given the right situation; those could develop into prostate cancer. I am not saying that these residues are the only culprit to having prostate cancer. I am merely saying that they contribute to the chance of having one.

Let us move on to something much fun. As I have mentioned earlier, another reason for prostate milking could be because of the ecstatic feeling that it brings to us men and for some couples alike. Though it may be considered taboo, we cannot deny the fact that it really brings a higher level of satisfaction.

Many couples have even testified that performing the act not only gives men pleasure but it also brings great pleasure for both parties. Having this in mind, did you know that there are different positions in performing this? Do you know what position works for you? If you are not familiar with the different positions of prostate milking then let me teach you some. You could determine later what works for you. Mind you, there are some things you must remember before doing any of these positions.

First of all, prostate milking could be done either by only you or with the help of your partner. Second, you have the liberty of using your fingers or an adult toy. Just make sure to lubricate before inserting anything. Lastly, have proper hygiene when performing this because you would have to touch or apply pressure in sensitive areas. Read on and enjoy.

• PROSTATE MILKING POSITION 1: STANDARD FETAL POSITION. Do this by lying on your side and bending your knees. Place your knees as close to your stomach as possible. By being in this position, you could easily reach for your anus or your perineum.

• PROSTATE MILKING POSITION 2: LIE ON YOUR BACK AND LIFT YOUR LEGS. Insert your finger or your toy before you proceed to be on this position. Also remember that you have to do this slowly so as not to cause any damage to the membranes inside your anus. You could also place padding underneath the small of your back so that you would be more comfortable in the position.

• PROSTATE MILKING POSITION 3: ON ALL FOURS. You could start by kneeling on a soft surface. You could either do this on the bed or anywhere that you may fancy. You could experiment on this position. You could try stretching your hands farther away in front of you. You could also try and arch your back for a bit.

There are still other positions for prostate milking that you could try. Your imagination and your creativity would be the only limits. Bear in mind that though pleasure is good, it is still better to on the safe side of things.

Believe It or Not

“The thing always happens that you really believe in; and the belief in a thing makes it happen.”

-Frank Lloyd Wright

Whatever you believe…’re right. Everything that happens in your life is happening for a reason– because of what you believe. Our beliefs have been ingrained in us from childhood. We are a product of what people have taught us along the way, beliefs about sex, love, friendship, religion, money and on and on.

Let’s take two different people, Joe and Mary. Joe was brought up to believe that people who were different from him were not to be trusted. If they had a different skin color, income, or nationality, he was taught to be very suspicious and un-accepting. On the other hand, Mary was brought up to accept people’s differences, compare and contrast unique cultures and form her opinions based on what she observed.

When Joe and Mary were out one day, they ran into a group of people who are traveling here from foreign countries, they where from Italy, Russia, Mexico and Egypt. Needless to say, the hair on the back of Joe’s neck stood up, whereas Mary was excited to talk to and learn about the different people. How Joe and Mary experienced this encounter, although diametrically opposed, was a product of their upbringing.

You can use similar examples to observe the beliefs of others and see how those beliefs affect their lives. Now, who was right, Joe or Mary? I personally lean more towards Mary’s outlook, but you can see why we all experience our circumstances based on what we were taught to believe. That is why it is so important to become introspective and analyze whether your beliefs serve you in becoming a better person or hinder you from reaching your potential.

As you look inside and evaluate what you believe, (not what you were convinced to believe), you can then form better options when you are dealing with circumstances that are a struggle or painful for you. The good news is; you can change your beliefs at any minute. You can choose to think new and improved thoughts that will help you begin to enjoy the life you want and to become the person you were destined to be.

Choose to believe in the best. Be your best, all day, every day. Our thoughts form our beliefs, so begin to be aware of what you tell yourself about any given situation and you will then be able to either keep the beliefs that benefit you in a positive way or choose to change your beliefs so that they are aligned with the way you want to live. Remember, you can have, be and do anything–if you believe it!